passion vs reason
I have been studying the Federalist Papers once again. Lots of time to do that, right? Many folks are doing so many other things. My choice has been to re-read and study again the four amazing foundational American documents.
So, I get to Federalist 10, and Publius (James Madison) points out something that I have been observing day in, day out in this cv mess in America.
Madison is expanding the understanding of what he called "faction". A faction is simply a part of a whole. Madison did not have any problem with one of the social factions of his time (he called it the "minority faction"). Now, he definitely had a problem with that chunk of people motivated by "passions", defined by him as that low part of human nature mentioned on Federalist 6 as being "ambitious, vindictive, and rapacious."
The ultimate problem of that "passionate" group, Madison pointed out, was that people would do things adverse to the rights and freedoms of the other citizens. In other words, this was a portion of society that wanted to use the "consent of the governed" mechanism only to deprive the other parts of society of their rights and freedoms.
How amazingly brilliant our Founding Fathers were!!! They could even foresee the "passionate" folks today overriding everybody else's freedom to not stay home and not wear masks.
If we could just look to their legacies again...
ELIEL ROSA has built a solid career in the urban planning and public policy arenas in Brazil, Latin American countries, Portuguese-speaking African nations, Spain and in the US for the past 20 years. However, instead of keeping a long list of professional credentials and accomplishments, there is a special, top feature he would want you to retain: he is a diehard America-loving legal immigrant!